Český Krumlov was started in about 1240 at a ford in the Vltava River, and later came into the hands of the Rožmberk family, who put their stamp over a good deal of this part of Bohemia. It didn't suffer much damage in the war, but fell into disrepair during the Communist era, which didn't much value traditional architecure, but it's been nicely restored and is quite charming, with its castle high above the river and pretty squares.
The castle is visible from anywhere in town by its painted tower
They're big on trompe-l'œil painting
It's pretty dramatic lit up at night, too!
The next day was a bit rainy, so we spent it tramping about the castle gardens, formal and quite nicely kept